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Wednesday, July 8, 2020 | History

1 edition of effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 on electric utilities: an update. found in the catalog.

effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 on electric utilities: an update.

effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 on electric utilities: an update.

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  • 38 Currently reading

Published by Energy Information Administration, U.S. Dept. of Energy. in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Air quality management.

  • The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 118 p.
    Number of Pages118
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17590492M

    Dept. of Energy, Energy Information Administration publication, " The Effects of the Title IV Clean Air Act Amendments of the on Electric Utilities: an Update ", ; see web address: " http.   Electric utilities brought generating units named in Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) of and their substitution and compensating units .

      The Clean Air Act Amendments of added an acid deposition control program (Title IV) to the act. It set goals for the year of reducing annual SO 2 emissions by 10 million tons from levels and reducing annual NO x emissions by 2 million tons, also from levels. Allowance: Authority to emit one ton of sulfur dioxide, as set forth in the Clean Air Act Amendments of (PL ), at Title IV. (2) Avoided Cost: The cost over a future period to the electric utility of marginal energy and capacity from a utility supply-side resource for .

    3 The Effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of on Electric Utilities: An Update, Department of Energy/EIA, March , p. 4 The CAAA passed the U.S. Congress in , but became effective in 5 Productive capacity is the maximum amount of coal that can be produced annually as reported.   Energy Information Administration, March, ”The Effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of on Electric Utilities: An Update”. Energy Information Administration, Electric Power Annual , Volume II National Energy Information Center, “Annual Energy Review”. U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Fossil Energy.


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Effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 on electric utilities: an update Download PDF EPUB FB2

The Effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of on Electric Utilities: An Update. Release date: March The Clean Air Act Amendments of address numerous air quality problems in the United States were not entirely covered in earlier legislation.

One of these problems is acid rain caused by sulfur dioxide (SO 2) and nitrogen oxides (NO x) emissions from. Get this from a library. The effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of on electric utilities: an update.

[United States. Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric, and Alternate Fuels.;]. Get this from a library. The effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of on electric utilities: an update. [United States.

Energy Information Administration.; United States. Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric, and Alternate Fuels. Coal and Electric Analysis Branch.;]. Abstract. This report presents data and analyses related to Phase I implementation of the Clean Air Act Amendment by electric utilities.

It describes the strategies used to comply with the Acid Rain Program inthe effect of compliance on sulfur dioxide emissions levels, the cost of compliance, and the effects of the program on coal supply and demand.

Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of created a market for electric utility emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2). Recent papers have argued that flaws in the design of the auctions that are part of this market have Auctions to gas transmission access: the British experience .

Title IV ot the Clean Air Act Amendments of established the Acid Rain Program. The program will cut sulfur dioxide emissions in half and substantially reduce nitrogen oxides emissions from electric.

The Acid Rain Program (ARP), established under Title IV of the Clean Air Act (CAA) Amendments requires major emission reductions of sulfur dioxide (SO 2) and nitrogen oxides (NO x), the primary precursors of acid rain, from the power sector. The SO 2 program sets a permanent cap on the total amount of SO 2 that may be emitted by electric generating units (EGUs) in the contiguous United.

In June President Bush proposed sweeping revisions to the Clean Air Act. Building on Congressional proposals advanced during the s, the President proposed legislation designed to curb three major threats to the nation's environment and to the health of millions of Americans: acid rain, urban air pollution, and toxic air emissions.

(1) Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments ofPub. Stat.(42 U.S.C. and 42 U.S.C. ), provides for the issuance of allowances as a means to limit the emissions of certain airborne pollutants by various entities, including utilities.

Title IV of the CAA administered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has two phases aimed at reducing acid rain. Phase I from to applied to generators producing the largest quantities of SO 2 and NO x as well as an additional participating generators based on EPA substitution rules.

Phase I generators on average are about 37 years old. This paper presents a model of the collective emission permit banking behavior of electricity-generating units affected by Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of A rigorous treatment of the constraint that pollution permits cannot be borrowed from future allocations is introduced.

This approach enables an analysis of the impact of future changes in electricity demand, regulations. 1) Cap and trade works: The goal of Title IV of the Clean Air Act amendments ofthe Acid Rain Program, was to slash annual SO 2 emissions by 10.

@article{osti_, title = {Effects of the Clean Air Act Amendments}, author = {Hanson, D A}, abstractNote = {At Argonne National Laboratory, we have a great deal of interest in the coal resource and in Clean Coal Technology, CCT.

We had helped to develop dry scrubbing technology and we are currently active in developing Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and combined SO. Title IV of the Act, added incontains new requirements for electric utilities to address acid rain issues.

The amendments include stringent sulfur dioxide controls on existing and new plants. They also create a system of market-based allowances, which is regarded as an important test of the success of market-based environmental solutions. The effect of regulation on employment is of particular interest to policy-makers in times of high sustained unemployment.

In this paper we use a panel data set of fossil fuel fired power plants to examine the impact of Phase I of the SO2 trading program created by Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) on employment in the electric utility sector and a two-stage estimation.

Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) established a market for transferable sulfur dioxide (SO 2) emission allowances among electric market offers firms facing high marginal abatement costs the opportunity to purchase the right to emit SO 2 from firms with lower costs, and this is expected to yield cost savings compared to a command‐and‐control approach to.

Title 5 of the clean air act amendments of addresses _____. air toxics D. permits. The section of the clean air act amendments of which addresses stratospheric ozone is: a.

Title VII b. Title I c. Title III d. Title IV e. none of the above. none of the above Direct health effects of air pollutants can have more than one. The Clean Air Act Amendments of (CAAA90)— Public Law —are the latest revisions to the Clean Air Act.

Among the numerous provisions of the CAAA90 is Title IV, which requires the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish the Acid Rain Program to reduce the adverse effects of acidic deposition (acid rain). The Case of Electric Utility Investor Behavior During the Passage of the Clean Air Act Amendments of Article in Environmental and Resource Economics 23(4) December with 8 Reads.

Evaluation of Phase II Compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments Grant Number R The effect of lower caps on the SO2 allowance market. Presented at the Annual Electric Power Research Institute Conference on Energy Markets and Generation Responses, Coconut Grove, FL, Novem Ellerman D.

Update on. The acid rain control program authorized by Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of (CAAA) was designed to reduce the adverse effects of acid rain by limiting emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO [sub 2]) into the atmosphere.Under Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments ofCongress authorized the U.S.

En- vironmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish the Acid Rain Program. The principal goal of this program is to achieve significant environmental benefits through reductions in sulfur dioxide (SOz) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emis- sions, the primary. More than 90 percent of the coal mined in the United States is used for electric power.

Other uses include coking coal for steel manufacturing and industrial process heating. Effects of Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of on utilities: An update: U.S.

Department of Energy, EIA, p. Greb, S.F., Eble, C.F., Peters, D.C.